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扫盲!大热的STEM包含的专业全解析 (含专业列表)

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  • 时间:2018-10-18
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扫盲!大热的STEM包含的专业全解析。近年来,不管是在美国还是在中国STEM都是大热门之一,就连国内的众多教育机构也都纷纷推出少儿STEM课程,其实工程专业一直是出国留学的热门专业。下面华申留学网就为大家整理出了STEM包含的各类工程专业,看看有没有大家感兴趣的。

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扫盲!大热的STEM包含的专业全解析。近年来,不管是在美国还是在中国STEM都是大热门之一,就连国内的众多教育机构也都纷纷推出少儿STEM课程,其实工程专业一直是出国留学的热门专业。下面华申留学网就为大家整理出了STEM包含的各类工程专业,看看有没有大家感兴趣的。

首先,让我们先来了解一下什么是STEM。STEM由科学(Science)、技术(Technology)、工程(Engineer)和数学(Mathematics)首字母组成,是美国鼓励学生主修科学、技术、工程及数学的一项计划。在美国国土安全局网站上可以查到一个长长的属于STEM计划的专业列表,比如化工、计算机科学、物理、数学、生物科学和航空航天等理工科。

STEM有什么好处?

对于国际学生来说,毕业之后想找工作就要申请OPT(Optional Practical Training),有了OPT才可以在美国合法实习、工作,但是OPT都是有一定时间限制的。标准的OPT只有一年时间,也就是说如果毕业生一年之内无法拿到H1B工作签证,就必须离开美国了。

但是STEM专业的毕业生可以申请额外24个月的OPT延期,也就是说他们将拥有总共36个月的OPT时间用来找工作并申请H1B工作签证。因此,选择STEM项目,对于国际学生在美国找工作来说是莫大的优势!

以下是美国官方认定的53个STEM专业:

专业代码及名称

相关项目

14.0101) Engineering, General.

工程学


14.0102) Pre-Engineering.

工程预科

[Pre-Engineering Transfer Program]

14.0201) Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical/Space Engineering.

航天,航空,航空航天工程

[Aeronautical Engineering]

[Astronautical Engineering]

[Space Systems Engineering]

[Space Facilities Engineering]

[Missile Systems Engineering]

[Aeroelasticity]

[Aerodynamics]

[Air-Breathing Propulsion]

[Stability and Control]

[Astrodynamics]

[Guidance and Control]

[Aerospace Navigation]

14.0301) Agricultural Engineering.

农业工程

[Bioprocessing Engineering]

[Food Engineering]

[Soil Engineering]

14.0401) Architectural Engineering.

建筑工程


14.0501) Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering.

生物工程与生物医学工程

[Cell and Tissue Engineering]

[Neural Engineering]

[Biomaterials Engineering]

[Biomechanics]

14.0601) Ceramic Sciences and Engineering.

陶瓷科学与工程


14.0701) Chemical Engineering.

化学工程


14.0702) Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.

化学与生物分子工程


14.0799) Chemical Engineering, Other.


14.0801) Civil Engineering, General.

土木工程


14.0802) Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering.

岩土工程与环境岩土工程

[Geotechnical Engineering]

[Geoenvironmental Engineering]

[Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering]

14.0803) Structural Engineering.

结构工程


14.0804) Transportation and Highway Engineering.

交通运输工程


14.0805) Water Resources Engineering.

水资源工程


14.0899) Civil Engineering, Other.

其他类别的土木工程


14.0901) Computer Engineering, General.

计算机工程

[Computer Systems Engineering]

14.0902) Computer Hardware Engineering.

计算机硬件工程


14.0903) Computer Software Engineering.

计算机软件工程


14.0999) Computer Engineering, Other.

计算机工程,其他


14.1001) Electrical and Electronics Engineering

电子电气工程

[Electrical Engineering]

[Total Ship Systems Engineering]

[Electrodynamic Engineering]

14.1003) Laser and Optical Engineering.

激光与光学工学工程

[Electro-Optic Engineering]

[Optical Engineering]

14.1004) Telecommunications Engineering.

电信工程

[Communications Systems Engineering]

14.1099) Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering, Other.


14.1101) Engineering Mechanics.

工程力学


14.1201) Engineering Physics/Applied Physics.

工程物理及应用物理

[Applied Physics]

[Directed Energy/Laser Physics]

[Semiconductor Physics]

14.1301) Engineering Science.

工程科学


14.1401) Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering.

环境与环境健康工程

[Environmental Engineering]

[Environmental Management Engineering]

14.1801) Materials Engineering.

材料工程

[Materials Processing and Manufacturing]

[Materials Science Engineering]

14.1901) Mechanical Engineering.

机械工程


14.2001) Metallurgical Engineering.

冶金工程


14.2101) Mining and Mineral Engineering.

采矿与矿物工程


14.2201) Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering.

造船与海洋工程


14.2301) Nuclear Engineering.

核工程

[Nuclear Reactor Engineering]

[Nuclear Fuels]

[Nuclear Power Engineering]

[Nuclear Radiation and Shielding]

[Nuclear Instrumentation and Measurement]

14.2401) Ocean Engineering.

海洋工程


14.2501) Petroleum Engineering.

石油工程


14.2701) Systems Engineering.

系统工程

[Industrial/Manufacturing Systems Engineering]

[Product Development Engineering]

[Logistics Engineering]

[Systems Engineering Management]

[Capability-Based Systems]

[Optimization]

[Modeling and Simulation]

[Decision Engineering]

[Dynamical Systems]

14.2801) Textile Sciences and Engineering.

纺织科学与工程


14.3201) Polymer/Plastics Engineering.

聚合物/塑料工程


14.3301) Construction Engineering.

建设工程

[Construction Engineering and Management]

14.3401) Forest Engineering.

森林工程


14.3501) Industrial Engineering.

工业工程


14.3601) Manufacturing Engineering.

制造工程


14.3701) Operations Research.

运筹学

[Decision Support Systems]

[Decision Analysis]

[Operations Analysis]

[Simulation]

[Operational Sciences]

14.3801) Surveying Engineering.

测量工程


14.3901) Geological/Geophysical Engineering.

地质/地球物理工程


14.4001) Paper Science and Engineering.

造纸科学与工程


14.4101) Electromechanical Engineering.

机电工程


14.4201) Mechatronics, Robotics, and Automation Engineering.

机电一体化,机器人技术和自动化工程


14.4301) Biochemical Engineering.

生物化学工程

[Biochemical Engineering]

[Chemical and Biochemical Engineering]

14.4401) Engineering Chemistry.

工程化学


14.4501) Biological/Biosystems Engineering.

生物/生物系统工程

[Biological Engineering]

[Biosystems Engineering]

[Biological Systems Engineering]

[Biomass Engineering]

[Biological/Biosystems Engineering]

14.9999) Engineering, Other.

工程,其他


以上就是华申留学网关于大热的STEM包含的专业全解析,更多关于STEM留学的疑问,欢迎致电400-880-6599 / 021-62076559.   

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